Category: World » Australasia

Oldest fossils ever found show life on Earth began before 3.5 billion years ago

19 Dec 2017 | World

Researchers at UCLA and the University of Wisconsin-Madison have confirmed that microscopic fossils discovered in a nearly 3.5 billion-year-old piece of rock in Western Australia are the oldest fossils ever found and indeed the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth. read more »

New species of extinct marsupial lion discovered in Australia

7 Dec 2017 | World

A team of Australian scientists has discovered a new species of marsupial lion which has been extinct for at least 19 million more »

Exercise increases brain size, new research finds

14 Nov 2017 | World

Aerobic exercise can improve memory function and maintain brain health as we age, a new Australian-led study has found. read more »

Lost Continent Of Zealandia: Scientists Return From Expedition To Sunken Land

27 Sep 2017 | World

After a nine-week voyage to study the lost, submerged continent of Zealandia in the South Pacific, a team of 32 scientists from 12 countries has arrived in Hobart, Tasmania, aboard the research vessel JOIDES more »

Climate change threatens agricultural trade in Pacific Rim economies

28 Aug 2017 | World

With global warming expected to significantly impact future yields in countries located closer to the equator, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is calling on Asia-Pacific economies to take a leading role in adaptation and more »

Australia's Offshore Refugee Processing Causes 'Extensive Suffering' And Must End

25 Jul 2017 | World

Four years on, Australia's offshore processing has left some 2,000 people languishing in unacceptable circumstances – causing physical and psychological harm, according to the United Nations refugee agency, which today called for an immediate end to the more »

Artifacts Suggest Humans Arrived In Australia Earlier Than Thought

21 Jul 2017 | World

While it is accepted that humans appeared in Africa some 200,000 years ago, scientists in recent years have placed the approximate date of human settlement in Australia further and further back in time, as part of ongoing questions about the timing, the routes and the means of migration out of more »

Did Life Begin On Land Rather Than In The Sea?

19 Jul 2017 | World

For three years, Tara Djokic, a Ph.D. student at the University of New South Wales Sydney, scoured the forbidding landscape of the Pilbara region of Western Australia looking for clues to how ancient microbes could have produced the abundant stromatolites that were discovered there in the more »

Oldest Evidence Of Life On Land Found In 3.48-Billion-Year-Old Australian Rocks

10 May 2017 | World

Fossil evidence of early life has been discovered by UNSW scientists in 3.48 billion year old hot spring deposits in the Pilbara of Western Australia - pushing back by 3 billion years the earliest known existence of inhabited terrestrial hot springs on more »

Dunedin Children's Exposure To Lead Linked To Lower IQ

29 Mar 2017 | World

Extremely high levels of lead in New Zealand cities in the 1970s and 1980s appear responsible for a loss of intelligence and occupational standing among today's more »

Climate Change Helped Kill Off Super-Sized Ice Age Animals In Australia

27 Jan 2017 | World

During the last Ice Age, Australia, Tasmania and New Guinea formed a single landmass, called Sahul. It was a strange and often hostile place populated by a bizarre cast of giant more »

Humans, Not Climate Change, Wiped Out Australian Megafauna

23 Jan 2017 | World

New evidence involving the ancient poop of some of the huge and astonishing creatures that once roamed Australia indicates the primary cause of their extinction around 45,000 years ago was likely a result of humans, not climate more »

Human Rights Expert Urges Australians To Stand Up Against Country's 'Alarming' Hate Speech And Racism

8 Dec 2016 | World

The United Nations human rights expert on contemporary forms of racism has urged all Australians – from the Government to the media and civil society – to stand up against “alarming” hate speech and racism racial discrimination in the country, especially against indigenous people, refugees, migrants, and more »

Nearly One Billion Travel Abroad In First Nine Months Of 2016

8 Nov 2016 | World

Recording an almost four per cent increase over the same period last year, the first nine months of 2016 witnessed 956 million international tourists travelling to different parts of the worldread more »

Ancient Tomb Reveals Pacific Islanders Invented New Kind Of Society

20 Oct 2016 | World

New dating on the stone buildings of Nan Madol suggests the ancient coral reef capital in the Pacific Ocean was the earliest among the islands to be ruled by a single more »

Australia 20 Years After Gun Reform - No Mass Shootings, Declining Firearm Deaths

23 Jun 2016 | World

Since gun law reform and the Firearms Buyback program 20 years ago, Australia has seen an accelerating decline in intentional firearm deaths and an absence of fatal mass more »

Storms That Battered Australia 'A Harbinger Of Things To Come'

9 Jun 2016 | World

Storms that battered Australia's east coast are a harbinger of things to come and a stark reminder of the need for a national effort to monitor the growing threat from climate change, UNSW coastal researchers warn. read more »

Report Finds Increase In International Transfers Of Small Arms

7 Jun 2016 | World

Germany, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands are the most transparent top and major small arms exporters, a new report has more »

Marijuana Use In Pregnancy A Major Risk For Preterm Birth

16 May 2016 | World

International research led by the University of Adelaide has for the first time shown a direct link between continued marijuana use during pregnancy and pre-term more »

World's Oldest Axe Fragment found in Australia

11 May 2016 | World

Australian archaeologists have discovered a piece of the world's oldest axe in the remote Kimberley region of Western more »

Fiji's Children 'At Risk' After Cyclone Winston – UNICEF

3 Mar 2016 | World

More than a week after a devastating tropical storm ripped through Fiji, some 40 per cent of the islands' children are “at risk,” with many living without safe drinking water, power or a roof over their heads, said more »

UNICEF On Stand-By After Cyclone Winston Devastates Fiji

22 Feb 2016 | World

In the wake of Tropical Cyclone Winston that struck the island nation of Fiji Saturday night, UNICEF said it was on stand-by to provide emergency supplies and additional personnel to support the Government as it works to determine critical more »

Impact Of El Nino Could Be Worst In 18 Years In Southern Africa

23 Dec 2015 | World

Crop and livestock production prospects in southern Africa have been weakened by this year’s powerful El Niño, while the phenomenon is also impacting agricultural sectors in northern Australia, parts of Indonesia and a wide swathe of Central America and Brazil, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) more »

Trade Slows In Asia-Pacific As Economies Adjust To Lower Global Growth

3 Nov 2015 | World

The regional trade and investment flows in Asia and the Pacific is decelerating as the economies in the region adjust to cyclical and structural changes resulting from the global economic downturn and the expected reduction in China’s growth rate, says a new more »

Two-Thirds Of World's Population Infected With Herpes

1 Nov 2015 | World

More than 3.7 billion people under the age of 50 are infected with herpes simplex virus type 1, which in most cases causes "cold sores" around the mouth, according to the first global estimates of the infection by the World Health Organization (WHO).read more »

Strong El Nino Will 'Test' Disaster Resilience In Hazard-Prone Pacific Region

27 Oct 2015 | World

Amid growing fears that the irregular climatic activities of El Nino will result in severe weather events across the hazard-prone region of small islands and atolls in the Pacific, the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) has met disaster reduction and humanitarian response partners from across the more »

Protected Forests Lost At An Alarming Rate Around The World

15 Oct 2015 | World

Protected and intact forests have been lost at a rapid rate during the first 12 years of this more »

Pew Praises New Zealand's Announcement Of Kermadecs Marine Sanctuary

28 Sep 2015 | World

The Pew Charitable Trusts has applauded the New Zealand government's commitment, announced today, to create a 620,000-square-kilometre (239,383-square-mile) fully protected marine sanctuary in the Kermadec region. read more »

El Nino Expected To Be Strongest Since 1997-98

2 Sep 2015 | World

This year’s El Nino event is the strongest since 1997-1998 and is potentially among the four strongest events since 1950, according to the latest Update from the World Meteorological more »

Plastic In 99 Percent Of Seabirds By 2050

31 Aug 2015 | World

Researchers from CSIRO and Imperial College London have assessed how widespread the threat of plastic is for the world's seabirds, including albatrosses, shearwaters and penguins, and found the majority of seabird species have plastic in their more »

Nearly 45,000 Children Cannot Go To School In Cyclone-Damaged Vanuatu

18 Mar 2015 | World

Many of schools in the South Pacific nation of Vanuatu have been damaged or destroyed, leaving nearly 45,000 school-aged children without access to education, says Save the more »

Devastation In Cyclone's Wake Illustrates Need For Targeted Disaster Response: Pacific Leaders

17 Mar 2015 | World

With reports slowly emerging about the damage wrought in Vanuatu, which suffered the brunt of Cyclone Pam that pummeled the South Pacific over the weekend, leaders from the region made a joint call for scaled-up storm recovery more »

Tropical Cyclone Pam Has Devastating Impact In Pacific Island Nation Vanuatu

15 Mar 2015 | World

Relief agencies said they were taking all necessary steps to respond to the catastrophic impacts of a devastating tropical cyclone that affected most of Vanuatu over the past two more »

Relief Agencies Ready To Assist As Tropical Cyclone Pam Threatens Vanuatu

13 Mar 2015 | World

As the pacific island nation of Vanuatu braces for Tropical Cyclone Pam with wind speeds exceeded 249 km/hr expected, UNICEF said it was standing by to assist the Government. read more »

Study Projects Unprecedented Loss Of Corals In Great Barrier Reef Due To Warming

25 Jan 2015 | World

The coverage of living corals on Australia's Great Barrier Reef could decline to less than 10 percent if ocean warming continues, according to a new study that explores the short- and long-term consequences of environmental changes to the more »

Updated: Sydney Hostage Siege Ends With Three Confirmed Dead

15 Dec 2014 | World

New South Wales Police say the siege of a Sydney cafe is over, with three people dead including the hostage taker and four others more »

Australian Researchers Report Highest Solar Efficiency Ever Reported

8 Dec 2014 | SciTech

UNSW Australia's solar researchers have converted over 40% of the sunlight hitting a solar system into electricity, the highest efficiency ever more »

Pacific Islands Warned Of Extreme Weather Risks During Upcoming Wet Season

21 Nov 2014 | World

Extreme weather conditions predicted for the Pacific Ocean pose a significant threat for island states' industry and infrastructure, warns a new advisory note from the United Nations, encouraging the establishment of a regional mechanism for better more »

AC/DC Drummer Phil Rudd Has Charges Of Attempting To Hire A Hitman Dropped

6 Nov 2014 | Entertainment

The charge against AC/DC Drummer Phil Rudd of attempting to hire a hitman to procure murder has been dropped, but other serious charges more »

Ancient Alien-Like Fossils Confirmed Among Human's Strangest Cousins

15 Oct 2014 | SciTech

More than 100 years since they were first discovered, some of the world's most bizarre fossils have been identified as distant relatives of humans, according to the work of University of Adelaide more »

Sea Rising About 1 Centimeter Per Year Off Coasts Of Philippines, Northeastern Australia

20 Jul 2014 | SciTech

A new study led by Old Dominion University and the University of Colorado Boulder indicates sea levels likely will continue to rise in the tropical Pacific Ocean off the coasts of the Philippines and northeastern Australia as humans continue to alter the more »

Nationalities Of Passengers On Downed Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17 Released

17 Jul 2014 | World

Malaysia Airlines has released the nationalities of many of the passengers on board Flight MH17 which was shot down over Ukraine by a surface to air more »

Australia Drying Caused By Greenhouse Gases

13 Jul 2014 | SciTech

NOAA scientists have developed a new high-resolution climate model that shows southwestern Australia's long-term decline in fall and winter rainfall is caused by increases in manmade greenhouse gas emissions and ozone more »

Human Rights Experts 'Deeply Disturbed' Over Australia’s Handling Of Asylum Seekers

8 Jul 2014 | World

The United Nations human rights office said it was "deeply disturbed" that on Sunday Australian authorities returned to Sri Lanka 41 people seeking asylum, apparently without adequate screening of their protection claims and needs. read more »

Search Continues For Malaysian flight MH370

24 Apr 2014 | World

Up to 11 military aircraft and 11 ships are continuing the search for missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 after material washed ashore in Australia was found to be not related. read more »

Unidentified Material Washed Ashore In Australia Checked As Part Of MH370 Investigation

23 Apr 2014 | World

Western Australia Police have attended a report of material washed ashore 10 kilometres east of Augusta and have secured the material to check if it is related to missing Malaysian Airlines flight MH370. read more »

Lorde Postpones Australian Tour Due To Ill Health

22 Apr 2014 | Entertainment

Grammy award winning musician Lorde has postponed her Australian shows because of a nasty chest more »

More Than 430,000 People Murdered Worldwide In 2012

11 Apr 2014 | World

Almost half a million people across the world lost their lives in 2012 as a result of intentional homicide, with the highest murder rates logged in the Americas and Africa, and the lowest in Europe, Asia and Oceania, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and more »

Location Of Flight MH370 Black Box Narrowed To A Few Kilometers: Australian PM

11 Apr 2014 | World

Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott has announced the search for the black box of missing Malaysian Airlines Flight MH370 has been narrowed to just a few kilometers. read more »

High Rate Of Maori In Prison Of Concern Following Human Rights Visit To NZ

9 Apr 2014 | World

A human rights panel has voiced concerns about issues related to the deprivation of liberty in New Zealand, including the “disproportionate incarceration rates” of the Maori population, despite legal safeguards against arbitrary detention. read more »